George K. Yiapanas

Publications
Training guides, manuals, and handbooks issues
  • Stadium emergencies and evacuation planning guide, 4th ed. Nicosia: GSP Stadium, 2021
  • Stadium emergencies and evacuation planning guide, 3rd ed. Nicosia: GSP Stadium, 2019
  • Distance Learning Unit manuals: Quality framework manual │ Faculty handbook │ Student handbook, Nicosia: Global College, 2019
  • Stadium emergencies and evacuation planning guide, 2nd ed. Nicosia: GSP Stadium, 2017
  • Stadium stewarding safety handbook, Nicosia: GSP Stadium, 2016
  • Stadium emergencies and evacuation planning guide, Nicosia: GSP Stadium, 2015
  • Squash National team selection manual, Nicosia: Cyprus Squash Association, 2010
  • Rules and national ranking manual, Nicosia: Cyprus Squash Association, 2010

Abstract:

Over the past decades, European football went through a large number of tragedies, mainly due to the absence of an integrated framework that could enable every involved agency to operate under specific safety procedures and laws. It is commonly perceived that disorder behaviour has adverse effects on football, minimising potential revenues and obliterating the consumer's experience. Football's unique structures involve a large number of agencies that need to constantly adopt specific safety approaches in order to create a sustainable environment and provide entertainment and pleasure to the consumers. The purpose of this chapter is to theoretically recognise the generic football safety management guidelines introduced by the European institutions over the years in order to minimise the problem and create a safe atmosphere for the consumers. In addition, the research will identify and decode the key actions taken by the authorities in Cyprus as a response to the problem in order to draw critical lessons both for and from the case study.

Yiapanas, G. and Thrassou, A. (2022). Football industry stakeholders' salience and attributes - the case of Cyprus, EU. Global Business and Economics Review, Vol. 26 No. 3 pp. 231-251

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2021). An integrated, multi-agency, consumer-focused, safety management approach in the sports industry. In: Management Association, I. (Ed), Research Anthology on Business Strategies, Health Factors, and Ethical Implications in Sports and eSports. Hersey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 634-654. (Reprint) ISBN 978-1799-877-07-3 │ DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-7707-3.ch035 [Chapter republished here after being deemed as “of the highest quality by IGI Global]

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to theoretically identify the various stakeholders of the football industry and to define and delineate their typology, prioritisation and interrelationships, along with specific attributes; drawing in parallel explicit theoretical and practical conclusions towards scholarly advancement and managerial implementation. The research focuses on the case of Cyprus, a small European (EU) island-state, whose football-specific attributes, in all its business, sporting and social contexts make it a rather unique and valuable case study for football internationally. Methodologically, the research relies on an extensive theoretical study and the application of Mitchell, Agle and Wood (1997) typology of stakeholders’ attributes and salience.

Yiapanas, G, Thrassou, A., Kartakoullis, N. and Vrontis, D. (2021). A value-based club-perspective stakeholder analysis of the football industry of Cyprus. In: D. Vrontis, Y. Weber & E. Tsoukatos (Eds), Contemporary Business Concepts and Strategies in the new Era: 14th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, EuroMed Institute. pp. 1030-1034. [Awarded the Conference Highly Commended Student Presentation Award] ISBN 978-9963-711-90-1

Abstract:

Football has long transcended its state of being a sport, to evolve into a business that supports a complex and dynamic multi-billion industry. Never having lost its identity, it still bears massive influence, far beyond the economic one, affecting and being affected by a multitude of stakeholders. Inexorably, this phenomenon of multi-stakeholder envelopment, entails a wide set of challenges, risks and considerations for football clubs that need to develop the requisite strategies that identify, interrelate and, ultimately, balance the value exchanges involved, towards a sustainable future. The above highlight the imperative of understanding the nature and role of key stakeholders and delineate their delivered value towards a football club. Clubs share value and align interests and strategies with each stakeholder, forming alliances and partnerships that are founded on a win-win principle; and the collection and interconnection of these relationships constitute the backbone of a strategic framework, that enables clubs to respond and adapt efficiently and effectively to the incessant environmental changes. This is, however, not a set of individual linkages, but a systemic network of stakeholders and values, whose collective effect shapes the essence of the football ecosystem. The aim of the research is to comprehensively identify the key football industry stakeholder components and value categories, in the individual club perspective, and to conceptualise and test their interrelationship in the Cyprus context towards the development of a corresponding framework of club benefits.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2020). An integrated, multi-agency, consumer-focused, safety management approach in the sports industry. In: Kaufmann, R. & Panni, M. (Eds), Handbook of Research on Contemporary Consumerism. Hersey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 222-241. ISBN 978-1522-582-70-0 │ DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8270-0.ch012 [Chapter evaluated as “of the highest quality” by IGI Global and re-published in their 2021 Research Anthology on Business Strategies, Health Factors, and Ethical Implications in Sports and eSports]

Abstract:

Over the past decades, European football went through a large number of tragedies, mainly due to the absence of an integrated framework that could enable every involved agency to operate under specific safety procedures and laws. It is commonly perceived that disorder behaviour has adverse effects on football, minimising potential revenues and obliterating the consumer's experience. Football's unique structures involve a large number of agencies that need to constantly adopt specific safety approaches in order to create a sustainable environment and provide entertainment and pleasure to the consumers. The purpose of this chapter is to theoretically recognise the generic football safety management guidelines introduced by the European institutions over the years in order to minimise the problem and create a safe atmosphere for the consumers. In addition, the research will identify and decode the key actions taken by the authorities in Cyprus as a response to the problem in order to draw critical lessons both for and from the case study.

Yiapanas, G, Thrassou, A., Kartakoullis, N. and Vrontis, D. (2019). Remedies for the hooliganism factor in the football industry: The paradigm of Cyprus. In: D. Vrontis, Y. Weber & E. Tsoukatos (Eds), Business Management Theories and Practices in a Dynamic Competitive Environment: 12th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, EuroMed Institute. pp. 1508-1519. ISBN 978-9963-711-81-9

Abstract:

The research relies on an extensive theoretical study taking into consideration the Decisions, Resolutions and Recommendations of the European Union and the Council of Europe, together with the enactments and amendments of the Cyprus law on violence in sports, to identify the key actions taken by the authorities in Cyprus, as a response to football hooliganism in an effort to improve the business of football. A problem, that for decades has been one of the biggest management issues and the main challenge in the industry. The findings show that the Cyprus authorities managed through a series of key actions to develop a national integrated approach framework, implementing a three-pillar concept on safety management, in an effort to respond positively against football hooliganism. Therefore, the paper provides a valuable theoretical framework that can be adopted by Safety Managers. An effective safety management is relying on an ongoing risk assessment and Managers must continuously supervise, control and practice all forces and technology systems, separately and together, in order to build an integrated operational readiness and successfully organise such multi-complex events, preserving at the same time, the balance between the three safety management elements. A safe environment creates value and the success of the football business relies on how well fans are treated and how comfortable and safe they feel at the venue. Additionally, the findings of this research create the urge for empirical research to test the degree of application of the strategic framework and identify the volume and correlation between the created value and football as a business.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Kartakoullis, N. (2018). Stakeholder analysis of the football industry in Cyprus. In: D. Vrontis, Y. Weber & E. Tsoukatos (Eds), Research Advancements in National and Global Business: Theory and Practice: 11th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, EuroMed Institute. pp. 1429-1439. ISBN 978-9963-711-67-3

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to theoretically identify the main stakeholders of the football industry and to define and delineate their typology, prioritization and interrelationships, along specific attributes; drawing in parallel explicit theoretical and practical conclusions towards scholarly advancement and managerial implementation. The research focuses on the case of Cyprus, a small European (EU) island-state, whose football-specific attributes, in all its business, sporting and social contexts make it a rather unique and valuable case study. Methodologically, the research relies on an extensive theoretical study and the application of Mitchell, Agle and Wood (1997) typology of stakeholders’ attributes and salience.

Yiapanas, G. (2018). Can the new football violence Act provide the means for efficient safety management in football grounds in Cyprus? München: GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3668-816-33-6

Abstract:

It recently became apparent that it was imperative to amend the “On the Prevention and Suppression of Violence at Sports Grounds Act 2008”, as football violence incidents were increasing dramatically. The new Act was voted by the House of Representatives in August 2014 containing in total 77 articles which clearly define and segregate the duties and responsibilities of all parties involved in a sporting event. Learning from past football disasters and tragedies, safety management has become today one of the main concerns for the organisers. It is imperative to learn from those incidents and use their findings as a guide to avoid similar tragedies today. The research is aiming to specify and report the duties and responsibilities resulting from the new football violence Act and identify whether it can provide the means for efficient safety management in football grounds in Cyprus.

Yiapanas, G. (2016). Sports grounds safety management. Nicosia: Armida Publications. ISBN 978-9963-255-41-2 [The book is in Greek]

Abstract:

This is the first book of its kind to be published in Greek, based on the procedures followed in accordance with the Legislation in Cyprus, and the directives of FIFA and UEFA aiming at the safe organisation of sporting events.

Yiapanas, G., Constantinou, M. and Marcoulli, E. (2022). The readiness of higher education academic staff in Cyprus for shifting the instructional delivery mode from face-to-face to emergency remote teaching. In: Pego, A. (Ed), Handbook of Research on Digital Innovation and Networking in Post-COVID-19 Organizations, PA: IGI Global. pp. 301-323 │ ISBN: 978-1668-467-63-3 │ DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-6762-6.ch016

Abstract:

The Covid-19 pandemic outbreak is considered one of the most serious crises, which affected the education industry causing huge complications and high levels of uncertainty. The pandemic crisis led governments around the world to rapidly proceed into mandatory emergency measures, to restrict physical interactions between people, to prevent the virus from spreading on a large scale. One of the measures was the immediate closure of universities. This unpleasant action hit hard and interrupted education at every rank. The Cyprus Government to maintain its educational continuity, responded immediately to the emerging educational needs, driving higher education institutions to terminate all conventional courses and turn to online education. This book chapter aims to evaluate the readiness of the academic staff in high education institutions in Cyprus for shifting the instructional mode from face-to-face to emergency remote teaching [ERT]. Methodologically, the research adopted the quantitative approach, collecting data from academics [n=146] in the higher education institutions in Cyprus.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2022). Football industry managerial elucidations and strategic development - the case of Cyprus, EU. International Conference on Global Economy in Business, Social Science and Humanity Perspective (GEMSH-22), Luxembourg

Abstract:

Transcending the confined perspective of football being a mere sport or activity, football is, at the very least, a business with massive financial influence. In Cyprus, football is considered a social phenomenon with a massive impact on public life and an essential part of its culture. The industry presents certain traits, which, even though not unique to Cyprus, are heavily and more intensely exhibited than in most other countries. Over the past years, the industry has been through major changes, not only on the playing field but in the business context as well. However, regardless of its growth, the industry is facing numerous issues and challenges that, if not recognised, assessed, and resolved, will affect its sustainability. Consequently, it is imperative to examine particular critical elements that affect the industry, identify several applicable choices and implement a strategic plan for improving the industry. This research seeks to examine specific parameters of the football industry in Cyprus. In particular, the research aims to empirically decrypt the existing management structure and legal status of the football clubs in Cyprus, decode and analyse their revenue stream sources, recognise a number of current issues and challenges, identify the competition level. and introduce a framework of strategic choices for redeveloping and improving the football product.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2022). Football industry strategic contextualisation and developmental choices - the case of Cyprus, EU. Journal for Global Business Advancement. Vol. X No. Y pp. xxx-xxx (in press)

Abstract:

Transcending the confined perspective of football being a mere sport or activity, football is, at the very least, a business with massive financial influence. In Cyprus, football is considered a social phenomenon with a notable impact on public life and an essential part of its culture presenting certain traits. However, regardless of its growth, the industry is facing numerous issues that if not properly assessed and resolved, could create an unstable situation that may affect its sustainability and lead to a financial collapse. This research empirically examines the industry’s critical parameters and recommends choices for its strategic development. Methodologically, the research adopted the qualitative approach, gathering data through 23 semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with clubs’ high-ranked board members and senior staff, and with key industry stakeholders. The findings reveal that the industry is going through a long period of uncertainty and insecurity, with its sustainability under threat.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2022). A holistic strategic perspective of football industry stakeholders. Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development. Vol. 14 No. 3 pp. 349-377

Abstract:

Football clubs strive to remain competitive and sustainable in a multifaced industry which involves a plethora of stakeholders. Consequently, it is imperative to comprehend the industry structures, identify the stakeholders, and implement processes to manage every relationship. Although numerous studies have applied stakeholder theory in the specific field, they tend to focus on stakeholders as broad categories, overlooking the fact that various sub-categories exist as diverse entities. The aim of this study is to identify every football industry stakeholder and develop a strategic stakeholder framework in the club perspective. Methodologically the research relies on an extensive theoretical examination of stakeholder theory, through the explication and evaluation of its development over the last forty years. The findings enhance the theory itself in a context that until now was in its infancy and provide solid foundations to practitioners to delineate the synergies and implement principles on how to constructively manage these relationships.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A., Kartakoullis, N. and Vrontis, D. (2019). A qualitative value-based club-perspective systemic strategic stakeholder analysis in the football industry of Cyprus. Ph.D. Colloquium, University of Nicosia. pp. 1-7

Abstract:

Football is a sport with an unswerving influence on every aspect of our lives, which has turned out to be increasingly commercial. The football industry is becoming more prosperous, operating in a dynamic business environment, dealing with a large number of stakeholders. For football to operate efficiently, these stakeholders need to be recognised and valued. The aim of the research is to perform a qualitative value-based strategic stakeholder analysis in the football industry of Cyprus through the individual club perspective and to build a systemic framework of club benefits for its strategic business development.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2022). A stakeholder framework of the football industry. In: D. Vrontis, Y. Weber & E. Tsoukatos (Eds), Sustainable Business Concepts and Practices: 15th Annual Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business, EuroMed Institute. pp. xxxx-xxxx │ ISBN: 978-9963-711-96-3 (accepted)

Abstract:

It is apparent that the football industry is rapidly becoming more affluent and stronger every day, involving a plethora of stakeholders, and at the same time, it is highly influential within society in many ways. The existing forward momentum presupposes the solidification of the existing business model through the appropriate synergies with the industry stakeholder. Although numerous researchers have already applied stakeholder theory to the field of football, they have all tended to focus on stakeholders as broad categories, overlooking the fact that various sub-categories exist as diverse entities that hold additional attributes. Consequently, this research aims to theoretically identify the main football club stakeholder categories and their individual components and to develop a generic framework of stakeholder relationships from the club perspective.

Yiapanas, G., Thrassou, A. and Vrontis, D. (2022). Football industry Value-based Analysis. Social, Business and Organisational Stakeholders. Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal - Soccer Society.  Vol. X No. Y pp. xxx-xxx (under review)

Abstract:

Purpose: Football exists and evolves in a dynamic ecosystem, displaying a massive and multidimensional influence on most contemporary societies, and football has grown into a significant industry with a plethora of stakeholders. This research is the first to comprehensively identify the key industry stakeholders and their distinct value, from the individual club perspective, and to conceptualise and test their interrelationship toward the development of a corresponding framework of club benefits.

Design/methodology/approach: The study applied a customised multilevel approach to collect and verify qualitative data. It initially developed a preliminary conceptual framework, which was first validated by an expert panel and was subsequently extensively tested in the Cyprus-specific context, which offered a most fertile ground for such a study. The empirical stage rested on 41 semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with very high-ranking individuals from the top nine football clubs, as well as with key industry stakeholders.

Findings: Though the examined industry is partly in line with international norms, it is also highly affected by unique characteristics that alter the various stakeholders’ role, producing (even negative) value of varied typologies that is directly linked with the industry’s financial, sporting, cultural, and social conditions. Originality: Extant studies on the subject are either partial or focus on individual stakeholders, and evidently lack requisite scientific comprehensiveness. The current research bridges this significant gap in knowledge by exhaustively identifying the key industry stakeholders, explicating their relative social, economic or other value in the individual club perspective, and developing a value-based stakeholder framework.

Implications: The research ultimately presents scholars, practitioners and policymakers with a systemic and comprehensive understanding of the individual club stakeholder value offerings, delivers a tested framework as a tool for social and business management, and prescribes future avenues for research, governance and practice.

Yiapanas, G. (2022). A value-based club-perspective stakeholder analysis of the football industry of Cyprus. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Nicosia

Abstract:

Football has long transcended its state of being a sport, to evolve into a business that supports a complex and dynamic multi-billion industry. Never having lost its identity, it still bears massive influence, far beyond the economic one, affecting and being affected by a multitude of stakeholders. Inexorably, this phenomenon of multi-stakeholder envelopment, entails a wide set of challenges, risks and considerations for football clubs that need to develop the requisite strategies that identify, interrelate and, ultimately, balance the value exchanges involved, towards a sustainable future. The above highlight the imperative of understanding the nature and role of key stakeholders and delineate their delivered value towards a football club. Clubs share value and align interests and strategies with each stakeholder, forming alliances and partnerships that are founded on a win-win principle; and the collection and interconnection of these relationships constitute the backbone of a strategic framework, that enables clubs to respond and adapt efficiently and effectively to the incessant environmental changes. This is, however, not a set of individual linkages, but a systemic network of stakeholders and values, whose collective effect shapes the essence of the football ecosystem.


Despite its afore-described importance, existing theory remains in its infancy and new in terms of explicit knowledge and degree of interaction. Extant studies on the topic are only partial and incomplete; or tend to over-focus on individual stakeholder-value relationships; or perceive stakeholders as broad categories overlooking the fact that various sub-categories exist as diverse entities; or analyse the industry’s actors and values individually and not as a system. This research contributes to the field of sports strategic management and bridges the gap in knowledge through its aim, to comprehensively identify the football industry stakeholders and their relative value in the individual club perspective, and to conceptualise and test their interrelationship in the Cyprus context towards the development of a corresponding framework of club benefits. This study addressed the stakeholder theory on a wide range of individuals and groups, enhancing the theory itself, in a context that until now was lacking empirical validation, and developed for the first time a unified club-specific framework of benefits.


Methodologically, considering the complex contextual circumstances, the study developed and applied a customised multi-level approach to collect and verify qualitative data. The research deployed every significant relevant study in the field to develop an initial theoretical generic framework, which was first validated by an Experts Panel and subsequently tested in the Cyprus-specific context. The empirical stage applied the qualitative approach, gathering data through forty-one semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with individuals within the top nine football clubs, as well as with key industry stakeholders who de facto represent specific groups, in order to validate the findings.


The research findings contribute significantly to knowledge, presenting scholars and practitioners with a systemic and comprehensive understanding and prescription of the individual club stakeholder management relationships and synergies. In this vein, the development of the final framework acts as a map, a blueprint for both theory and practice, bridging the gap in the literature, offering new avenues for further research, and arming executives with practicable valid knowledge. The research’s content, context and methodology generate a holistic set of contributions to scholarly business knowledge, and the gained insights and recommendations act as catalysts to individual football clubs’ strategic redevelopment and repositioning against their internal and external stakeholders.